Civil Court Trial Processes

Civil Court Trial Processes

Civil Court Process

The civil court process takes place in different stages. The first step is the filing of petition. This is a brief process that takes less than two hours. This is followed by an early motion. This phase helps in evaluating whether the case may be expedited. The maximum duration of this stage is ten days. The next process encompasses responsive pleadings. During this stage, the defendant chooses to respond or object to the charges. This stage takes a maximum duration of three days. Pre trial is the next stage and involves the evaluation of whether there is a basis of proceeding with the case. The trial then follows and it may take between five and ten days. Jury trial is the penultimate stage and takes a maximum of five days. Finally, the jury provides the verdict. The length of each stage helps in averting all uncertainties that concern the trial. It also helps in avoiding any conflict of interest.

Computer Crime

The above process is different from a computer crime trail in numerous ways. Firstly, a computer crime undergoes a complete criminal trial. Criminal trials are more complex than civil trials and as such, they take longer. The chances of appeal in a computer crime trial are higher compared to a civil court trial. This is because disputes can easily occur in computer crimes but the situation is different in civil court trials. The validation of evidence takes longer in computer crimes than in civil trials. This is because there has to be cross examination of witnesses as well as assessment of computer records. Consequently, a computer crime trial involves numerous technicalities.

Trial Process Problems

  • Problem

Anonymity is among the biggest sources of concern in computer crime trails. Prosecutors face the daunting task of tracking down the offender. Within a computer network, systems facilitate for anonymity. It is thus difficult to detect the actual identity of an offender. In other instances, the issue of anonymity might create room for false accusations (Casey, 2011). This is because a cyber criminal might use the identity of an innocent person. Anonymity also complicates the process of burden of proof. Evaluation and verification of evidence in a court of law is complex because of anonymity issues. This problem is persistent because cyber crime offenders can use multiple identities. This makes it difficult for prosecutors to understand the exact details of the cyber crime offence.

Solution for the Problem

In order to deal with the complex problem of anonymity in cyber crimes, it is essential to fit computer systems with special applications that help in storing the identity of users. For instance, the use of webcam applications in computer systems would ensure that the identity of users remains intact (Casey, 2011). This would form the basis of verifying the identity of offenders in cyber crime. This should apply to all computer systems in public places like cyber shops and in institutions. The exact date and time of the crime would also remain intact through these types of applications. The county and state authorities would have the responsibility of implementing this solution. Organizations and business entities must also comply with this policy in order to yield the appropriate results. The implementation of this policy would help in streamlining the trial process for cyber crime.

ITPM Best Practices

  • Creating Value for the Organization

Aligning the IT portfolio with ITPM best practices serves as a critical framework for creating the greatest possible value for the organization. Firstly, ITPM helps in assessing the system requirements for the entire organization. Through this framework, the company develops the right architecture based on its business objectives. ITPM is also an essential platform for evaluating the human resource needs for a business as a business portfolio.It is always challenging for organizations to balance the available IT resources with sufficient human resources (Satzinger, 2011). However, this is not a challenge through the use of ITPM. The enhancement of value also occurs through the minimization of operational costs within the organization. All business entities strive to minimize the total costs of operations as much as possible. This is possible through ITPM best practices. Consequently, it enhances the organization’s value.


Systems Development Life Cycle refers to the process of evaluating and implementing changes to an organization’s information systems (Satzinger, 2011). This might involve a total overhaul of the company’s information systems of minor amendments to some aspects of the IT framework. In ensures that an organization’s technological structure operates with maximum efficiency.Additionally, SLDC is vital in specifying the actual requirements of a company’s IT framework. Investigation is the first step and involves the evaluating the current status of an organization’s information systems. The evaluation serves as an indicator of the most appropriate changes within the IT framework. The second step encompasses system analysis. In this stage, the exact problem underlying the system is identified. Other vital stages include design and implementation of software systems. SDLC maximizes business value by streamlining organizational efficiency. An efficient system has exemplary standards of productivity. SDLC also enhances business value through the mitigation of system failure.

Service Delivery ModelsService Delivery

Models and Industries

Service delivery models refer to the information technology arrangements and systems required to execute information technology competency within an organization (Satzinger, 2011). Some models are only suitable for specific industries while others fit across different sectors. Regardless of the industry, an information technology outsourcing strategy is efficient is all sectors. This is because it enables organizations to plan for their IT needs irrespective of the industry. On the other hand, cost efficient service delivery models are vital in the business sector. Such models help the businesses to minimize costs and thus enhance profitability.

Service Delivery Models and Business Value

The manner in which a company selects the service delivery model can undermine or enhance its business value. If the company selects a service delivery model that enhances communication, this streamlines the flow of information in all departments. This also applies to a service delivery model that facilitates for technology shift. It facilitates for a smooth transition from the previous technology systems into the new framework (Satzinger, 2011).On the other hand, the service delivery model might hamper the company’s operations if it does not conform to the prevailing infrastructure. The model would also be ineffective if the organization’s workforce does not have adequate technical skills. An example of how a service delivery model would have a positive impact on a business is when an organization implements a model that enhances productivity. Through this approach, the business enhances its ability to make profits.


Casey, E. (2011). Digital evidence and computer crime, Waltham, MA: Elsevier

Satzinger, J. W. & Jackson, R. B. (2011). Systems analysis and design, Boston, MA:   Course Technology

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